In Frank Lloyd Wright’s due to urbanization and modern machines time, place, and man are in a state of change that cannot be stopped. This period that he witnessed was during the height of modernization as older cities that emphasized the pedestrian were now seen as models of the past. “The human being no longer on his feet or seated in a trap behind a horse or two, but in his motorcar, or going in his plane.” As the modernization of cities grew out of the scale of humans the city began devouring us. “More time wasted in the to and fro than is spent in desirable activity.” This book is from the 1950s and it is still relevant because the troubles with mobilization and being stuck on the roads in gridlock are still a thing today. If anything, the problem has just been worsened, double or tripled in the years that have passed.




The individual now has their horizons broadened, time and scale has been reduced by the construction of the freeway networks. This creates new standards for movement-measurement. “If he has means, he goes…the horizon keeps widening conveniently for him as he goes.” Through the creation of the freeways man has a new freedom to travel everywhere one pleases, and needs to go for work, leisure, and resources. It seems to be that wherever a person goes that the city goes with him. The experience of the city is through the freeways, we see the sights of the road, the tops of buildings, and whatever else that comes up in our periphery. This new city built on modernization is in service of the individual, and as it becomes an organic force in our experience it doesn’t try to overrule man but rather serve the desire to get to places despite the congestion that can be present on the freeways.